Sunday, May 24, 2020

Timeline Slavery in the Cape Colony

Many South Africans are the descendants of slaves brought to the Cape Colony from 1653 until 1822. 1652: Refreshment station established at the Cape, in April, by The Dutch East India Company, based in Amsterdam, to provide for its ships on their voyage to the East. In May the commander, Jan van Riebeeck, requests slave labour. 1653: Abraham van Batavia, the first slave, arrives. 1654: A slaving voyage undertaken from the Cape via Mauritius to Madagascar. 1658: Farms granted to Dutch free burghers (ex-Company soldiers). Secret journey into Dahomey (Benin) brings 228 slaves. Portugese slaver with 500 Angolan slaves captured by the Dutch; 174 landed at the Cape. 1687: Free burghers petition for slave trade to be opened to free enterprise. 1700: Government directive restricting male slaves being brought from the East. 1717: Dutch East India Company ends assisted immigration from Europe. 1719: Free burghers petition again for slave trade to be opened to free enterprise. 1720: France occupies Mauritius. 1722: Slaving post established at Maputo (Lourenco Marques) by Dutch. 1732: Maputo slave post abandoned due to mutiny. 1745-46: Free burghers petition again for slave trade to be opened to free enterprise. 1753: Governor Rijk Tulbagh codifies slave law. 1767: Abolition of importation of male slaves from Asia. 1779: Free burghers petition again for slave trade to be opened to free enterprise. 1784: Free burghers petition again for slave trade to be opened to free enterprise. Government directive abolishing the importation of male slaves from Asia repeated. 1787: Government directive abolishing the importation of male slaves from Asia repeated again. 1791: Slave trade opened to free enterprise. 1795: British take over the Cape Colony. Torture abolished. 1802: The Dutch regain control of the Cape. 1806: Britain occupies the Cape again. 1807: Britain passes the Abolition of Slave Trade Act. 1808: Britain enforces the Abolition of Slave Trade Act, ending the external slave trade. Slaves can now be traded only within the colony. 1813: Fiscal Dennyson codifies the Cape Slave Law. 1822: Last slaves imported, illegally. 1825: Royal Commission of Enquiry at the Cape investigates Cape slavery. 1826: Guardian of Slaves appointed. Revolt by Cape slave owners. 1828: Lodge (Company) slaves and Khoi slaves emancipated. 1830: Slave owners have to start keeping a record of punishments. 1833: Emancipation Decree issued in London. 1834: Slavery abolished. Slaves become apprentices for four years. 1838: End of slave apprenticeship.

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

William Shakespeare s Sonnet 60 - 1250 Words

Shakespeare’s sonnet 60 expresses the inevitable end that comes with time and uses this dark truth to express his hopefulness that his poetry will carry his beloved’s beauty and worth into the future in some way so that it may never die. This love poem is, as all sonnets are, fourteen lines. Three quatrains form these fourteen lines, and each quatrain consists of two lines. Furthermore, the last two lines that follow these quatrains are known as the couplet. This sonnet has the rhyme scheme of ABAB CDCD EFEF GG, as most Shakespearean sonnets follow. In each of the three quatrains, Shakespeare discusses a different idea. In this particular sonnet, the idea is how time continues to pass on, causing everything to die. The couplet connects these ideas to one central theme, this theme being Shakespeare’s hope for the beauty of his beloved’s immortality through his poetry’s continuation into future times. Shakespeare did not originally intend for his sonn ets to be published, therefore it is more likely that the sonnets where written for personal expression. This makes it extremely likely that Shakespeare is the speaker of this sonnet. With this information, it makes sense that the recipient of this poem is Shakespeare’s beloved, an unmentioned young man. Although this sonnet does not directly mention whom the individual mentioned in the last two lines is, it is believed to be a young man because sonnets 1- 126 were written to the young man. The application of sonnet 60 toShow MoreRelatedWilliam Shakespeare s Sonnet 60978 Words   |  4 PagesIn Sonnet 60, (â€Å"Like as the waves make towards the pebbl’d shore†), William Shakespeare exemplifies the speaker s interpretation of time through the personification of nature. This piece follows the english (Shakespearean) sonnet model, incorporating a total of fourteen lines, divided into three quatrains composed of four lines each, followed by a concluding couplet of two lines. The focal point of a Shakespearean sonnet is the iambic pentameter meter. Iambic pentameter as defined by Oxford EnglishRead MoreShakespeare s Sonnet 60, By William Shakespeare968 Words   |  4 PagesIn â€Å"Sonnet 60,† William Shakespeare describes the effects of time’s passage on life, the evolution of life, and Time’s relentless advance, as well as claiming his own power to attempt to grant his love immortality. In quatrain 1, he reflects on the fleeting nature of life, caused by the inexorable progress of time, which ends so quickly only to start anew. â€Å"Like as the waves make toward the pebbled shore,† Shakespeare makes a simile with waves moving through the ocean: quickly and unopposedly. â€Å"SoRead MoreEssay on Shakespeare Authorship Controversy1504 Words   |  7 PagesShakespeare, the man who wrote 37 plays and more than a hundred sonnets, is known throughout the world. Many people consider him one of the best English play wrights of our time, others say that he was a genius. William Shakspere was born in Stratford-upon Avon in 1564 and died in 1616 at the age of 52. In the mid-19th century, questions had arisen about the Shakespeare authorship controversy, and many scholars wondered whether Shakspere, the man from Stratford, wrote the plays. Ralph W. EmersonRead MoreLiterature and Other Arts1033 Words   |  5 Pagesauthors in the 1950’s and 60’s. The traditional values of Western civilization, which the Victorian had only begun to question, came to be questioned seriously by a number of new writersm who saw society breaking down around them. Traditional literary forms were often discarded, and new ones succeeded one another with bewildering rapidly, as writers sought fresher ways of expressing what they took to be new kinds of experience, or experience seen in new ways. Sonnet XVIII represents theRead MoreCompare And Contrast Different Literature Periods1452 Words   |  6 Pagesliterature and during this era, William Shakespeare appeared and he becomes the most famous writer in the history of literature and his plays had played in the theatres around the world. The themes in this era related somehow to the surrounding events during this period so the majority of the literature works had a tragic end which was death and that related to the Black Death (the plague), which spread during this period. The poets like John Donne and George Herbert even Shakespeare followed a special techniqueRead MoreThe Use of Verse and Prose in RomeoJuliet3483 Words   |  14 Pagesand Verse in RomeoJuliet Table of Contents page 1 Introduction 3 2 Technical terms 3 2.1 Metre 3 2.2 Foot 3 2.3 Enjambment and End-stopped Line 4 2.4 Rhyme 4 2.5 Rhyme Scheme 5 3 Prose 5 4 Verse 5 4.1 Rhymed verse 6 4.1.1 Sonnet 6 4.2 Blank Verse 6 4.3 Free Verse 7 5 Verse and Prose in Romeo and Juliet 7 5.1 Functions of the Use of Prose 7 5.1.1 Function of Variation 7 5.1.2 Class-Differing Function 8 5.1.3 Empathy-Creating Function 8 5.1.4 Realness-Creating FunctionRead More Exploring Love in Shakespeare’s Sonnets Essay4114 Words   |  17 PagesIn Plato’s Symposium, the discussion on the nature of love between Socrates and his companions in the house of Agathon clearly discerns key ideas that Shakespeare uses in the sonnets. Beauty, youth, and love are all topics of discussion in the conversations, and Plato’s ideas show up again and again when the sonnets are explored. In Symposium, Aristophanes gives a detailed description of a time when humans were not in their present physical form (Plato 353). His tale posits that the original formRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Life And Accomplishments1819 Words   |  8 PagesAs we all know William Shakespeare was a well known and a highly sought after writer, but did he really deserve all that fame? As early as 1709, with Nicholas Rowe s publication of his edition of Shakespeare s works, the little information that we had about William Shakespeare began to show. Other than several early minor accounts, the preface of Nicholas Rowe s edition contained the first biography of William Shakespeare. Rowe presented eleven known facts about Shakespeare s life. By 1821, howeverRead MoreYolo1583 Words   |  7 Pageshimself and the people around him. Demonstrate critical thinking skills, such as problem solving as it relates to social issues. Week 11 13 - England : Sonnet 29 -William Shakespeare Discuss the denotative and connotative meaning of words found in some lines in the poem Paraphrase the poem Discuss the biography of E .B. Browning in relation with her sonnet Discuss the closure in the poem. Research theories on remembering and forgetting. Relate your research to the speaker in the poem. Library ResearchRead MoreWhat Are The Five Characteristics Of A Quest?1901 Words   |  8 Pagesand growing in strength by hurting someone else. 10.) Meaning behind â€Å"if its a square, its a sonnet† Sonnets have ten syllables and are 14 lines long, ten syllables in english is a long as 14 lines are high so a sonnet makes a square when in writing. 11.) How poets work magic on you? They use a certain choice in imaging, music in the language, content, and a play on words. 12.) Define Petrarchan sonnet First stanza has eight lines and the next has six, two separate rhyme schemes for the stanzas

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Constellation Orion Free Essays

Orion has been recognized as distinct group of stars for thousands of years. The Chaldeans knew it as Tammuz, named after the month that the familiar belt of stars first rose before sunrise. The Syrians called it Al Jabbar, the Giant. We will write a custom essay sample on The Constellation Orion or any similar topic only for you Order Now To the ancient Egyptians it was Sahu, the soul of Osiris. However in Greek mythology, Orion was a beautiful giant hunter. There are many legends about Orion and several variations about his death and why he was placed in the stars. One story tells of his boast that he would eventually rid the earth of all its wild animals. When the Earth goddess Gea heard of this she became upset and sent a Giant Scorpion to sting him to death. Now even after death that scorpion chases him around the sky. If you notice scorpio and Orion are never in the sky together. Another story says that Artemis the goddess of hunting fell in love with Orion. And when Orion was swimming Artemis was speaking to her brother Apollo. He bet her that she could not shoot a dot on the distance. She hit the target right on but had been tricked. She had shoot Orion. She put her love, Orion in the sky. And yet another tells how Orion raped Artemis. And she took her revenge upon him, when she shot him. Now seeing as there are several variations of his death you would have to choose which one you like best and go with it. There are two stars that are well know in the constalation of Orion. The first one is know as Betelgeuse, also called Alpha Orinis. It is one of the brightest stars in the constelation of Orion. It is an irregular because it changes brightness and size but has no regular periods of veration. It is classified as a red supergiant and it is 600 times the size of the sun. The other star to be Mentioned is Rigel also known as Beta Orionis. It is the Brightest star in the constelation and the seventh brightest star in the heavens. The Location of both stars can be seen on the picture of Orion. How to cite The Constellation Orion, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Article Library The Next Generation Library -Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Article Library The Next Generation Library? Answer: Introducation An economy is characterized by various market structures, the four basic market structures include perfect competition, monopolistic competition, oligopoly, and monopoly. A perfect competition market structure consists of a large number of firms competing. A single firm cannot control the whole market and has limited power in terms of entry barriers. Also, all firms produce identical products. A monopolistic competition also consists of a large number of firms competing against each other. However, the firms in this market structure sell similar products but somewhat differentiated. There is also free entry and exit to the market. An oligopoly is a market structure that is controlled by a small number of firms meaning that it is a situation of limited competition. The products produced may be identical or differentiated and there exist barriers to entry in this market. A monopoly is a market structure where a single dominant firm controls the entire market. In this scenario, the firm can set its prices and control output because consumers dont have much choice. Also, there are high barriers to entry (Stiglitz, 1993). Game theory is a study of determining logically the actions of participants in achieving the best outcomes when faced with various alternatives. Game theory is common in an oligopoly market structure (" The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics, 2017). In real life, game theory can be applied when striking deals. A kinked demand curve is a standard demand curve with a bend as a consequence of competing firms in an oligopoly market structure (" kinked demand curve, 2017). For example, ever wondered why most petrol stations charge more or less the price of fuel. Competing firms cannot afford to increase their prices (Guru, 2017). Price discrimination is a pricing strategy that sells the same product to different customers at different prices with the aim of improving revenues. There exists a number of pricing strategies that firms use. Some include; incentive discounts, loyalty pricing, and indirect segmentation. A Woolworth supermarket chain in your city is likely to be in an oligopoly marketing structure since its in a major city. A Woolworth supermarket in a small town is in a monopoly market structure because isolated small towns may have a monopoly situation. A small cafe in Melbourne/Sydney CBD is in a monopolistic competition market because it is highly likely there are other small cafes, operating in the CBD on any given day. Yarra Tram in Melbourne is in a monopoly situation because they operate large tram networks. Australia New Zealand Bank in an oligopoly market structure since it is one of the largest global banks with a considerable market share in Australia, New Zealand, and other countries. Academies Australasia Polytechnic is a higher education institution which incorporates elements of monopoly, oligopoly, and monopolistic competition. A small store that sells souvenirs in your citys Sunday market is in a perfect competition market because there is a high chance there exists other small stores selling similar items. I phone and Samsung in the smart phone industry which is an oligopoly market structure. A monopolistic competitive market structure has differentiated products, the demand curve is downward sloping and more elastic (Diagram B). Firms operating in this market structure have less control on the prices and will depend on how unique its product is compared to its competitors.On the other hand, oligopolies face a combination of both curves, inelastic and elastic. This is because oligopolies monitor each others pricing decisions. Increases in the price above the equilibrium will result in the more elastic demand curve. On the flip side, a reduction in prices below the equilibrium, the demand curve will be inelastic because other competitors will reduce their prices. References Game Theory: The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics | Library of Economics and Liberty. (2017) Retrieved 4 October 2017, from Guru, S. (2017) The Next Generation Library. Retrieved 4 October 2017, from Spacey, J. (2017).10 Examples of Price Discrimination.Simplicable. Retrieved 4 October 2017, Auditing Stiglitz, J. (1993).Economics. New York: Norton.

Wednesday, April 1, 2020

Xdsl Essays - Digital Subscriber Line, DSL Modem,

Xdsl Digital Subscriber Lines Fast and affordable Internet access has become a big issue for private users and small businesses. Today users have many different options concerning Internet access. One can use a 56k/28k modem, cable modem, wireless, Ethernet, an ISDN connection, a T1 or T3 connection, or a DSL connection. Each method of connection has advantages and disadvantages concerning security, cost, and speed. A newer technology for users is DSL or a Digital Subscriber Line. DSL uses existing phone lines to send info. Unlike a dial up analog modem, a DSL connection allows voice and data to be sent at the same time on the same phone line, the bit rate is faster and the connection is continuous (no need to dial up). DSL Technology DSL is a technology for pushing high bit rates through last mile telephone connections (small gage copper less that 18,000 ft.). For most people, point A will be their home and point B will be the substation of the local phone company. DSL modems, unlike conventional modems, establish a connection from one end of a copper wire to the other end of that copper wire: the signal does not pass into the telephone switching system. DSL modems are not limited to using only the voice frequencies passed by the standard telephone system (usually 0-4kHz), DSL modems typically use more than 100kHhz. (Day 1999) When the local loop carrying the voice/data reaches the local phone company the loop first goes to a splitter which separates the voice from the data. The voice frequencies are sent to the traditional telephone switching network used for voice transfer. The data frequencies are wired into a DSL modem at the central office (CO) end. The resulting high-speed digital data stream coming from (or going to) the consumer is handled as digital data (not analog voice) and may be hooked into a number of networks connection to the data's destination. The data never enters the standard telephone switching system. (Day 1999) When you connect to the ISP (Internet Service Provider) you are not connecting to the ISP over its standard modem bank, instead you are coming in over some sort of LAN/WAN (Local/Wide Area Network) data connection that the ISP has arranged with your local phone company. This is the only way an ISP can provide DSL-connected ISP service for customers. Because of the connection to the area network the DSL connection is always on, there is no need to dial up and connect to a modem. (Day 1999) This is a good graphic network map from DSL Protocols There are many different protocols and sub protocols that fall under DSL. Some of the main protocols for DSL are: -ADSL-Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (1.5 Mbps-9Mbps) (DNAI 1999) -RADSL-Rate Adaptive Digital Subscriber Line (test and adapts for fastest speed) (DNAI 1999) -HDSL-High bit-rate Digital Subscriber Line (T1 Speeds, currently requires 2 lines) (DNAI 1999) -VDSL-Very-high-bit-rate Digital Subscriber Line (ten times as fast as ADSL, not on market yet) (Clarke 1999) DSL networks have modems at both ends of the connection, the customer's modem and the ISP's modem. Because different protocols use different hardware (modem) the ISP chooses what protocol will be used. Hardware Although it depends on your ISP and the equipment they use, typically you will need a 10Base-T adapter with which to connect to the external DSL modem, and a personal computer. Keep in mind that with different protocols you will need different DSL modems. If you are putting together a LAN you will also need a hub or preferably a switch. Usually the customer DSL device is implemented as a bridge, router or both. (Kristoff 1999) Splitters and Filters Because the same line is used to send voice and data frequencies it is possible for interference to occur. Sometimes a phone will go above the 4kHZ frequency and cause interference with the DSL data stream. Another problem is the high frequencies used by the DSL modem can be picked up by the phone resulting in static on the headset. The original solution to 4kHZ interference problems was to use a POTS splitter. A splitter takes the phone line and forks it. One line goes to the telephones and the other goes to the DSL modem. Besides splitting the line the splitter acts as a

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Germany Economy in the Modern Days

Germany Economy in the Modern Days Introduction Germany practices an open economy based on a strong economic base which amounts for a third of the gross domestic product (GDP). German economy is influenced by competitions in the global market especially in international mobile and capital technology. It practices capitalism and free market in order to enhance their competitiveness in the global economic arena. The government only exercises regulation and subsidizes sectors like coal mining and agriculture.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Germany Economy in the Modern Days specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Macro-Economic Picture of Germany In the European Union bloc, Germany has the largest population. In the year 2009, the population of Germany was estimated to be 81.8 million. Its prosperous economy attracts a lot of immigrants from all corners of the world. In terms of nominal GDP, Germany ranks 4th while in terms of purchasing power, it ran ks 5th in the world. Germany is considered a technological and scientific development hub. It is a global dominant actor in the industrial production of machinery, chemicals, vehicles and other household implements. Despite the global recession, German economy was considered one of the stable economies in the world. Figure 1 below indicates how German economy performed during the global financial crisis period from 2007 to 2009. Figure 1 (Economy Watch 1) German’s GDP is one of the strongest in the world. In 2009, its per capita GDP was $34,200, down from $35,500 in 2008. During this period, the rate of unemployment grew from 7.8% in 2008 to 8.2% in 2009. This is largely linked to slow industrial growth to less import productivity (Economy Watch 1). This is indicated in figure 2 below. Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Figure 2 (Economy Watch 1) The current unemployment rate in Germany stands at 7.5%. The following is the current contribution of various sectors to the economy in the year 2010. Major Economic Contributors Agriculture contributes approximately 0.9 percent of the GDP. Among the agricultural products grown are corn, wheat, sugar, barley and hops. Industrial sector accounts for 26.8 percent of the economy. Products from the industrial sector include cars, chemicals, medical equipment, and aerospace equipment. In terms of trade, Germany exported goods worth $1.124 trillion. The major exports were chemicals, motor vehicles, steel, iron and electrical products. Their major markets are France, US and the Netherlands. German imports goods worth $937 billion. Their major imports are petroleum products, manufactured goods, apparel, and electrical products. Their major suppliers are Netherlands, China and France. Germany’s economy is export oriented and forms basis of micro-economic expansion and these exports amoun t to a third of the national income. Germany imports represent 12.56 percent of the economy while exports account for 14.099 percent of the GDP. Nature of German Economy Germany practices social protection where the state is a dominant actor in the economic realm. It does not have natural resources except coal, wood and minerals, hence most of their raw materials are imported (Siebert 19). Germany’s economy is a mix of government regulated and one of a free market. The government specifically regulates social and labor issues. Most of the companies operating in Germany are built around a technological knowledge. Private ownership plays a significant role in the ownership of various companies and hence owner-entrepreneur is the main driving force. There is growing unemployment in Germany. This is associated with wage formation, reservations of wages and weakening demand for labor.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Germany Economy in the Modern Days specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More German Economic Ranking Germany experience low birth rates, this implies that an aging population is inescapable and continues to be an economic challenge in future (Mueller 281). Germany ranks second globally in market and economic competitiveness after USA. This is largely due to ownership laws and its exemplary general law and order. In the 2011 global competitive index, Germany was ranked one step lower than the 2010 ranking in position six with an indicative score of 5.41. Global competitiveness is based on twelve pillars, these pillars are: infrastructure, institutions, macroeconomic environment, health and primary education, higher education and training, goods market and efficiency, labor market efficiency, financial market development, technological readiness, market size, business sophistication and innovation (Klaus 57). The economic freedom score of Germany is 71.8 and it is ranked 23rd most free in the world. It has experienced increase in six out of the ten indicators of economic freedom. This ranking is higher when compared with the global average. Germany in the Global Economy Germany has withstood the challenges of the global environment to emerge as one of the most powerful and dynamic economy. It has strong business and investment freedom which is supported by openness to global commerce, excellently protected property rights and favorable business regulatory environment. Germany also treats foreign and local investors equally (Heritage foundation 1). Germany is a deeply divided country in terms of income. There is an increase in the rate of poverty. Majority of the population live in less than 60 percent of the median household income. Children are the most hit by poverty. It is evident from the OECD records which show that the rate of poverty in Germany is growing at an exponential rate than any other OECD country. In order to eliminate poverty, the government has proposed an elimination of part-time employment and temporary jobs and instead it has promoted the revision of wage structure and full time employment. Women and the minorities are relegated in economic activities in Germany.Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Ranking of nations is necessary in order to enhance global competitiveness. It enables some countries to utilize their opportunities outside the nation by using its strengths. Germany, with one of the strongest economies in the world exerts a lot of influence in the global economy. Germany plays a fundamental role in arranging the global monetary system. Germany is a major contributor to the European Union hence its solvency problems pose a threat to the refinancing of the EU; it has therefore the responsibility to push for the implementation of sound fiscal policies within the Euro zone (Weidmann 2). Conclusion Germany economy is growing at an exponential rate. The economy is primarily driven by domestic market which comprise of capital formation in machinery, equipment and consumption expenditure. Germany has also experienced growth in exports and imports but the share of export and import contributes less than the domestic market. The government in Germany, unlike in some other c ountries, play limited role in the economy, only particularly that of regulation and subsidizing some sectors. Women and minority groups are sidelined in playing a role in the economy. According to the OECD standards, a significant percentage of the population of Germany fall in the poverty level and it is considered the highest poverty level in the OECD bloc. Being a major contributor to the European Union, Germany is an actor in the global economy. Economy Watch. Germany Economy. Economy Watch, 2011. Web. Heritage Foundation. 2011 index of economic freedom. Heritage Foundation, 2011. Web. Klaus, Schwab. The Global competitiveness report 2011–2012. We Forum, 2011. Web. Mueller, Anthony. â€Å"The German Economy: Europe’s faltering Giant†. The Independent Review 12.2 (2007), 279–283. Siebert, Horst. The German economy: beyond the social market. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2007. Print. Weidmann, Jens. Germany’s role in the global eco nomy. BIS, 2011. Web.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Literature Research Paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Literature Research Paper - Essay Example As the stories begin, both the protagonists, Calixta of â€Å"The Storm† and Edna of â€Å"The Awakening† are trapped in the confines of domesticity, however awareness of its confines slowly begins to dawn in both of them. In â€Å"The Storm† Calixta is busy with her domestic chores, â€Å"sewing furiously on a sewing machine†, until the storm starts brewing. â€Å"Suddenly realizing the situation† she goes about shutting doors ( The storm symbolizes the spur that jogs her into a new awareness. In a similar manner, Mademoiselle Reisz serves as the spur that jogs Edna into awareness, especially as contrasted with Madame Ratignole who is repressed and conservative and is described as the â€Å"bygone heroine of romance† (Chopin 888). As opposed to this, Madame Ratignole is â€Å"the embodiment of womanly grace and charm† but her race is also known for â€Å"their entire absence of prudery† (Chopin 889). In inter acting with Madame Ratignole, Edna becomes conscious of a vague dissatisfaction with her life and the narrowness of her upbringing, desiring to be as sensual as Madame Ratignole instead. This initial awareness leads both the protagonists into a sexual encounter. As Calixta gathers up the sheet she has been sewing, she appears to be unconsciously dispensing with the outward signs of her domesticity and submitting herself to the wildness of the storm raging outside. When Alcee gathers her into his arms, she looks up at him and the â€Å"fear in her liquid blue eyes had given place to a drowsy gleam that unconsciously betrayed a sensuous desire.†( Edna’s awareness also leads her into a sexual encounter, and this is described as a light which begins to â€Å"dawn dimly within her – the light which, showing the way, forbids it.† (Chopin 893). This reveals the inner conflict which the sexual encounter generates in Edna, the path to independence lies revealed to her, yet it is not one encouraged by